Asgard and the Gods
The Tales and Traditions of Our Northern Ancestors

Adapted from the work of W. Wagner by M. W. Macdowall

London, 1884

CONTENTS

PREFACE — p. vii

INTRODUCTION — p. 1
Myths and stories of the gods — 3
The gods, their worlds and deeds — 4
Odin, Wudan, Wuotan — 5
Frigg, or Freya, and her handmaids — 6
Thor or Thunar — 6
Tyr, Tius or Zio — 9
Heru, Cheru or Saxnot — 9
Heimdal or Riger — 10
Bragi and Iduna — 10
The Wanes, Niörder, Freyer, Freya — 10
Fate, Norns, Hel, Walkyries — 10
Ögir and his companions — 11
Loki — 11
The other gods — 12
The Golden Age — 12
Sin — 13
Iduna’s departure — 13
Baldur’s death — 14
Ögir’s banquet — 15
Loki in chains — 15
Ragnarok — 16
Lay of the Norse gods and heroes — 18

Part I
LEGENDS AND MYTHS — p. 22
Creation of the world — 22
Day and Night — 24
Two first human beings — 25
Allfather — 25
Yggdrasil, the World-Ash — 26
The divine kingdom — 31
Influence of Christianity — 32
The Runic language — 33

Part II
THE GODS, THEIR WORLDS AND DEEDS — p. 36
The Norns — 36
Dwarfs and Elves — 38
Giants — 42
Worlds and heavenly palaces — 47

Part III
OPPONENTS OF THE GODS — p. 51
Loki and his kindred — 53
The giants — 55
Muspel and his sons — 56
Surtur — 57

Part IV
KING GYLPHI AND THE ASES — p. 58
Gefion — 53
Gylphi in Asgard — 62

Part V
ODIN, FATHER OF THE GODS AND OF THE ASES — p. 66
Wodan, according to the oldest conceptions — 71
The myths of the Wild Hunt and of the Raging Host — 72
The sleeping heroes — 78
The higher conception of Wodan — 81
Odin at Geirod’s Palace — 83
Odin, the discoverer of the Runes, and god of poetry and of wisdom — 86
The draught of inspiration; Odin’s visit to Gunlod; Journey to Wafthrudnir — 88
Odin’s descendants — 94
Frigg and her maidens — 96
Other goddesses related to Frigg — 102
Holda, Ostara — 107
Berchta — 115
The White Lady — 116
Thor, Thunar (Thunder) — 121
Thor’s deeds and journeys; Making of Miölnir — 125
Journey to Utgard — 129
Duel with Hrungnir — 137
Journey to Hymir — 141
Journey to Thrymheim to get back Miölnir — 142
Journey to Geiröd’s-gard — 147
The Harbard Lay — 151
Irmin — 151
Tyr or Zio — 155
Heru or Cheru, Saxnot — 161
Heimdal, Riger — 166
Bragi and Iduna — 172
Giant Thiassi steals Iduna — 174
Uller — 177

Part VI
THE WANES — p. 181
Niörder and Skadi — 183
Freyer and Fro — 189
The wonderful Quern Stones — 191
Skirnir’s Journey to Gerda — 199
Young Swendal — 204
Freya, Frea or Frouwa — 206
Rerir and his love Helga — 209
Swipdager returns to Menglada’s Castle — 212

PART VII — p. 217
Fate — 217
Legend of Starkad — 219
King Fridleif — 222
The Norns — 222
Hel — 225
The Walkyries — 227
Legend of King Kraki — 227
Dises — 233
Mandrake root — 234

Part VIII
ÖGIR AND HIS FOLLOWERS — p. 236
Legend of the Lake Maiden — 236
Legend of the Loreley — 241
The Water–neck — 245

Part IX
LOKI AND HIS RACE — p. 247
The giant Skrymsli and the peasant — 247
Loki’s progeny — 250
Loki’s race — 251

Part X
THE OTHER ASES — p. 252
Widar — 252
Hermodur the Swift — 254
Wali or Ali, Skeaf — 256
Legend of King Skeaf — 257
Baldur and Hödur — 259
Forseti — 264

Part XI
SIGNS OF THE APPROACHING DESTRUCTION OF THE WORLD — p. 265
The Golden Age — 265
Sin — 266
Iduna’s departure — 270

Part XII
BALDUR’S DEATH — p. 273
How Wala was conjured up — 273
Loki visits Frigg in the dress of an old woman — 276
Death of Baldur — 278
Hermodur sent to the realm of the shades — 282
Wali appears at Walhalla, and avenges Baldur — 285

Part XIII
LOKI’S CONDEMNATION — p. 287
Ögir’s banquet — 287
Loki reviles the gods, 289
Loki flees, is captured and put in chains — 290
The faithful Sigyn — 294

Part XIV
RAGNAROK, THE TWILIGHT OF THE GODS — p. 296
The Fimbul-Winter — 296
The Last Battle — 298
Surtur flings his fire-brands over the nine worlds — 301
Renewal of the World — 301
Lif and Lifthrasir — 302
The Field of Ida — 305
The Lay of Wala — 309

GENERAL INDEX — p. 317

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